Limited Wants – Unlimited Means

Laszlo Zsolnai 'Limited Wants – Unlimited Means.' International Journal of Social Economics, 1999, vol.26, no. 5, pp. 832-833

Western Economic Man lives in a world of scarcity because his/her wants are unlimited. However, scarcity is not a natural state of affairs, it is socially constructed. The concept of Homo Oeconomicus does not adequately reflect the totality of economic experiences of mankind since humans lived as hunter-gatherers for about 99 % of our entire existence as a species. Hunter-gatherers typically represent Uneconomic Man whose wants are limited and who has, exactly for this reason, unlimited means to satisfy his/her wants. Limited Wants.pdf

Norms, Goals, and Stakeholders in Program Evaluation

P.J.M. Verschuren, & Laszlo Zsolnai 'Norms, Goals, and Stakeholders in Program Evaluation.' Human Systems Management , 1998, vol.17, no. 2, pp. 155-160

Evaluation research favours goal based evalu­ation. However, the achieve­ment of the stated goals of interventionists, problem solvers or program managers is not a sufficient condition for a good decision or a successful program implementation. The value of a program, an intervention or a decision is determined not only by the achievement of its stated goals but also by its intrinsic ethical value and its performance for the stakeholders. Hence a program or a decision can be considered as successful if it meets the applying ethical norms, works well in achieving its stated goals, and produces satisfying results for the stakeholders.

Rationality Choice and the Diversity of Choices

Laszlo Zsolnai 'Rationality Choice and the Diversity of Choices.' Journal of Socio-Economics, 1998, vol.27, no. 5, pp. 613-622

The rational choice model has been criticised both on normative and descriptive grounds. It is obvious that self-interest maximising is not a universal rather a specific pattern of human choice behaviour. In economic and political life a great variation in people’s choice behaviour can be found. Using a broader analytic framework than the standard rational choice modelling, a rich typology can be established to reveal the basic characteristics of choices that different people can make in different choice situations.